Black Valentine bush bean was introduced by Peter Henderson & Co. in 1897, selecting it for its versatility as both a snap bean an a dry soup bean. However, the vegetable we now recognize as the common bean has its roots in South America; some historians trace it back to the Pre-Incan civilization in Peru.
It produces excellent quality beans that are 14-16 cm (5½-6½") long.
Pods are straight, tender and flavourful and almost round.
They are ideal for table use, freezing and canning as they retain their flavour when processed.
For companion planting benefits, plant bush beans near carrots, cucumbers, or corn; avoid planting them near onions. Pick early and often to encourage production.
Plants are compact bushes around 40-45 cm (16-18") tall with a spread that averages 30-40 cm (12-16”) wide. For dry beans, leave pods on the vine to dry and pick when you can hear the beans rattle inside the pods, in about 70-100 days.
Direct sow from end of May to June 15th preferably, but they can be sown into the beginning of July. Try to plant during a warm, dry spell. Soil must be warm - if it is not warm enough, seeds will rot.
Beans require a minimum soil temperature of 16°C (60°F) and a maximum of 24°C (75°F).
Seeds will not germinate properly if planted too deeply or too early in cold wet ground.
Sow seeds 2.5 cm (1") deep, 5-8 cm (2-3") apart, in rows 45-60 cm (18-24") apart.
Soil Conditions: Well worked rich, loose and well-drained soil. Ideal pH: 5.5-6.8
Planting Depth: 2-5 cm (1") deep, 5-8 cm (2-3") apart.
Germination: 5-8 days.
Height at Maturity: Plants reach 40-45 cm (16-18") tall. Compact bush habit. Spread 30-40 cm (12-16”) wide. Days to Maturity: 52-70 for green beans. 70-100 days for dry beans.
Watering: Low water requirements at planting- moisten soil for germination, medium at flowering and then heavy through harvest. Sun/Shade: Full Sun
Seed Spacing: 5-8 cm (2-3") apart, in rows 45-60 cm (18-24") apart.
Approximately 12 Seeds per package.
Seed Saving: Near the end of the growing season, allow the beans to dry completely on the vine; the pods will be light brown, and the seeds will rattle inside. Remove the seeds from the pods. After the seeds are completely dry, store them in a cool, dry place for up to a year.