Joan (Rutabaga)

Joan (Rutabaga)

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(Brassica napus) Refined strain of “American Purple Top.” Round yellow roots with purple tops. Flesh is dense and crunchy with a delicate sweet flavor. Very uniform with good field resistance to club root. Stores well into the winter. Delicious roasted, mashed, and as a base for winter soups. 

Instructions - Sow seeds outdoors in late spring. Seeds will germinate in 5-15 days. Rutabagas prefer a long, cool growing season. Plant in full sun in cool climates or partial shade in hot summer climates. Rutabagas are most delicious after a frost or two. 100 Days to Maturity. 

Turnips and Rutabagas (Brassica rapa and Brassica napus) are cool season biennials in the Brassicaiceae family, which includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, kohlrabi, turnips, mustards, watercress and horseradish.

Turnips and Rutabegas can tolerate slightly alkaline soil, preferring the range 6.0 -7.5. Deep, loose, well drained fertile soil with moderate nitrogen levels is best.

Planting instructions are from direct seeding. Planting depth: 3/4"

Seed spacing: for turnip 8 sds/ft, for rutabaga 6 sds/ft; Plant spacing: for turnip 2-4" , for rutabaga 6"

Row spacing: for turnip 12-18, for rutabaga 18-24”.

Turnips can be grown all season long but perform best in cool fall conditions. Rutabagas are sown in the summer for fall harvests. Seeds will germinate from 45-85 degrees.

Harvest: Flavour is sweetest when harvested just before the ground freezes or at least after two hard frosts. Turnip tops can be eaten as greens.

Storage: Unwashed roots can store for several weeks at 32°F at a high relative humidity as close to 95% as possible. With good air circulation, topped roots can be stored four to five months.